In the photo above, thousands  support the landmark December 12, 2015, Paris Climate Accord which was unanimously approved by 195 countries to limit greenhouse gas emissions. As of June 6, 2017, 148 of those nations had ratified the Accord. Photo by Yann Levy on Flickr at

Below we list who supports the consensus view that excess CO2 (produced mostly by burning fossil fuel), [1a]   [1b] is warming our planet beyond safe levels, namely: [2] Throughout this site, links to supporting references are in  [ ].
A. Scientists & Government Officials:
  • 195 countries unanimously agreeing to Paris Climate Accord
  • 97% of climate scientists, [3a]   [3b]   [3c]   [3d]   [3e]
  • the National Academies of Science from 80 countries,
  • 18 American scientific organizations, [4] and
  • 4 (Republican) former Environmental Protection Agency administrators. [5]
Eighty percent clean energy is the level climate scientists say we must reach by 2050 to quell global warming. Montana  only requires 15% in 2015.
Melting Permafrost in Shishmaref, Alaska & Link to More Pictures Like This
Melting Permafrost in Shishmaref, Alaska. Used with permission of Gary Braasch. Click Link to More Pictures Like This

B. Faith Communities concerned about eco-justice issues raised by global warming, which disproportionately harms the poor as is now happening in places where rising seas can erode up to 50 feet a year from areas previously protected by the now melting permafrost as shown by Gary Braasch in the picture on the right:

  • the Pope and many Catholics, [6a]   [6b]   [6c]
  • the [345 member] World Council of Churches, [7a]  which also endorses divestment from fossil fuels, [7b]
  • Rick Warren, author of “A Purpose Driven Life,” and hundreds of other Evangelical leaders, [8a]   [8b]   [8c]   [8d]   [8e]
  • Episcopalians [9a] who also voted to divest from fossil fuel holdings, [9b]
  • Jews, [10a]   [10b]
  • Lutherans [11a] and its LWF which also is divesting from fossil fuel holdings, [11b]
  • Methodists [12a] who also voted to divest from fossil fuel holdings, [12b]
  • Presbyterians, [13]
  • Southern Baptists, [14a] [14b]
  • the United Church of Christ, [15a] which also voted to divest from fossil fuel holdings,  [15b] and
  • 10 other individual denominations [16a] or churches, some of which also voted to divest from fossil fuel holdings. [16b]
C. Studies warning of threats to US national security within the next 20 years posed by climate-change-caused political instability, mass refugee migration, terrorism, or conflicts over water and other resources by:  [17a]   [17b]   [17c]
  • the National Intelligence Council (NIC) (classified study for Congress),
  • Council on Foreign Relations, [18]
  • Center for Navel Analysis, [19a]   [19b]
  • CIA,
  • US Defense Department, [20a]   [20b] and
  • Institute for Strategic Studies. [21]

D. Healthcare Unions cautioning that human health costs of adding more C02 to our atmosphere are too high–increasing asthma rates and enlarging the range of disease-bearing insects that once thrived only in warmer climates. [22a]   [22b]   [22c]  In Africa, malaria currently kills a child every 30 seconds. [23] Climate change will expand the habitat of tropical mosquitoes that carry malaria, adding 80 million cases annually to that toll. When the Tennessee Valley Authority was created in 1933, malaria infected 30% of the region’s inhabitants. Use of DDT, which is no longer considered safe, eradicated malaria in the US by 1951. [24] However, in areas where climate change produces the torrential rains that exacerbate stagnant water pools, there is a risk that malaria could return.

Picture of CO2 Measurement at Mauna Loa, HI, 2011.
CO2 Measurement at Mauna Loa, HI, 2011, used by permission of Gary Braasch. Click picture to enlarge, or here for more pictures of climate science labs.

Most members of the groups mentioned above know CO2 is now at its highest level in the last 800,000 years (403 ppm). [25d] [25a]   [25b]   [25c]  It will continue getting worse and more costly if we do nothing about it, requiring more government intervention to abate it in the future than if we deal with it in a timely manner now. [26] (at 21:40 minutes into interview)

You’ll learn how to lend practical, effective support for this ballot initiative requiring 80% of the electricity provided by Montana’s investor-owned utilities to come from the sun and wind or other renewable energy resources, much of it coming from your own rooftop.

Link to Debunking Climate Denialists
Photo by FAVE @ Link to Debunking Climate Denialists


And, we’ll burst the bubbles of climate denier rhetoric that attempt to cast doubt on the overwhelming consensus and link you to the science behind that consensus.



North American Clean Energy Reported: “Renewable energy targets and other support policies, now in place in 164 countries, powered the growth of solar, wind and other renewable technologies to a record-breaking energy generation capacity in 2014: about 135 GW” for the year of added renewable energy power.

“The new renewable energy capacity installed worldwide in 2016 was 161 GW, a 10% rise on 2015 and a new record.” according to The Guardian.  This put global renewable energy capacity at 921 GW excluding hydropower; 2,017 GW including hydropower. Renewables investment remained larger than for fossil fuels despite subsidies for coal, oil, and natural gas remaining higher.

Despite the world’s average annual 1.5% increase in energy consumption in recent years and average 3% growth in Gross Domestic Product, carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in 2014 were unchanged from 2013 levels. For the first time in four decades, the world economy grew without a parallel rise in CO2 emissions. “
Photo of huge ballon the size of a tonne of CO2.
Click the above picture to help reduce CO2 emissions by letting us know you want to sign the paper copy of the Initiative, to put the 80% renewable electricity by 2050 Initiative on Montana’s 2016 ballot or to help gather signatures. Photo used by permission of Gary Braasch.  Click Link to More Pictures Like This.

Link to text of December 12, 2015, Paris Climate Agreement Draft.

This page updated 6/6/2017.


This will link you to references found in this page. See footer for explanation of reference notations.

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